General information

Babesia species are mainly transferred by ticks. Symptoms throughout all acute infections with babesia are dominated by fever, lethargy, anorexia and typically anemia, icterus and hemoglobinuria – severeness correlated with pathogenicity of the babesia strain. Chronic infections are known to be dominated by weakness, intermittent fever and weight loss.

Dog

Babesia canis canis: North of Africa, Mediterranean, south of Europe up to northern France, Hungary, Poland (up to Masuren), autochthonous in Germany and Netherlands (Den Haag, Arnhem).

Babesia canis vogeli: North of Africa, Mediterranean, south of Europe, France.

Babesia gibsoni: Asia, USA. Questionable in Europe.

Cat

Babesia canis: Thailand, Brazil, France, Poland, Germany

Babesia felis: parts of Africa

Babesia cati: India

Horse

Babesia caballi: Tropics and subtropics. In Europe possible infections in southern France and up to central Russian woodlands north of Moscow.

Theileria equi: Formerly known as Babesia equi - infections are not endemic in central Europe, potential vectors are existent though.

Cattle

Babesia divergens: In Europe from Finland down to the Mediterranean.

Babesia major: Central Europe in small endemic areas.

Babesia bigemina: Tropics and Subtropics. In Europe: The Balkans, costal areas in the Mediterranian, Portugal.